What are gastrointestinal diseases?

Gastrointestinal diseases are diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas and rectum.

GERD happens when the stomach contents come back up into the esophagus.

Dysphagia means difficulty swallowing as in it takes more time and effort to get food or liquid down.

Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, usually caused by gallstones.

Gallstones are hard particles that develop in the gallbladder.  They cause pain when they block the ducts of the biliary tract.

Celiac Disease is a digestive disease that damages the small intestine.  It is caused by eating foods with gluten.

Lactose intolerance is the inability to fully digest lactose, the sugar found in dairy products, causing digestive symptoms.

Crohn's Disease is chronic inflammation in the small intestine and beginning of the large intestine.

Ulcerative Colitis is a chronic inflammation of the large intestine.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a group of symptoms that occur together, including pain and bowel movement patterns.  There are 4 types of IBS.

Intestinal obstruction occurs when digested material is prevented from passing normally through the bowel.

Intussusception is a serious condition in which the intestines telescopes into itself, usually in children.

Rectocele occurs when the wall between the rectum and vagina weaken, causing a soft bulge of tissue to protrude from the vagina.

Hemorrhoids are inflammed and swollen veins around the anus and rectum.

Diverticulitis is inflammation of pouches in the intestines.

A hernia is the bulging of an organ through an abnormal opening. The most common are inguinal hernias, umbilical hernias and hiatal hernias

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver.  Type A is spread through contaminated food/water and is preventable with a vaccine. Type B is spread through sexual contact and is preventable with a vaccine. Type C is spread through the use of unclean needles or from mother to baby. Type D is rare and is spread through the use of unclean needles or from mother to baby.  Type E is spread in contaminated drinking water. Neonatal Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver in a newborn.

Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas where the enzymes made in the pancreas attack the pancreas rather than becoming active in the intestines.

Fatty Liver is a condition where the liver stores too much fat, which can lead to cirrhosis.

Cirrhosis is a slowly progressive disease where healthy liver cells are replaced by scar tissue, eventually preventing the liver from functioning properly.

Ulcers are sores in the stomach or duodenum which cause pain when the stomach is empty.

Gastritis is a condition where the stomach lining is inflamed.

Gastroenteritis is a condition where the linings of the stomach and intestines are inflamed.  It is highly contagious and very common.

Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix which causes pain in the lower right abdomen.

Shigellosis is an infectious disease characterized by diarrhea, fever and stomach cramps starting within 2 days of exposure.

Food poisoning is illness caused by eating contaminated food.



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